SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2023
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses.” The standard, including subsequently issued amendments, requires a financial asset measured at amortized cost basis, such as accounts receivable and certain other financial assets, to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and interim periods within those fiscal years, and requires the modified retrospective approach. ASU 2016-13 was adopted by the Company on January 1, 2023. Based on the composition of the Company’s affected financial assets, current market conditions, and historical credit loss activity, the adoption did not have a material impact to these interim financial statements.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06 “Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity” (“ASU 2020-06”). The intention of ASU 2020-06 is to address the complexities in accounting for certain financial instruments with a debt and equity component. Under ASU 2020-06, the number of accounting models for convertible notes will be reduced and entities that issue convertible debt will be required to use the if-converted method for the computation of diluted “Earnings per share” under ASC 260. ASC 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 and may be adopted through either a modified retrospective method of transition or a fully retrospective method of transition. ASU 2020-06 was adopted by the Company on January 1, 2023. Since the Company had a net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and its convertible debentures were determined to be anti-dilutive, there was no material impact to its basic and diluted net loss per share for the period as a result of adopting ASU 2020-06.
In October 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. Under ASU 2021-08, an acquirer must recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination in accordance with Topic 606. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. ASU 2021-08 was adopted on January 1, 2023 and did not have a material impact to these interim financial statements.
Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by FASB that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements upon adoption. The Company does not discuss recent pronouncements that are not anticipated to have an impact on or are unrelated to its financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or disclosures.
The Company evaluates and accounts for conversion options embedded in its convertible instruments in accordance with ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”), which provides that if three criteria are met, the Company is required to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as free-standing derivative financial instruments. These three criteria include circumstances in which;
(a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract;
(b) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under otherwise applicable generally accepted accounting principles with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur; and
(c) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument.
ASC 815 also provides an exception to this rule when the host instrument is deemed to be conventional as defined under professional standards as “The Meaning of Conventional Convertible Debt Instrument.”
The Company accounts for convertible instruments (when it has determined that the embedded conversion options should not be bifurcated from their host instruments) in accordance with professional standards when “Accounting for Convertible Securities with Beneficial Conversion Features,” as those professional standards pertain to “Certain Convertible Instruments.” Accordingly, the Company records, when necessary, discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the differences between the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. Debt discounts under these arrangements are amortized over the term of the related debt to their earliest date of redemption. The Company also records when necessary deemed dividends for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in preferred shares based upon the differences between the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. ASC 815 provides that, among other things, generally, if an event is not within the entity’s control could or require net cash settlement, then the contract shall be classified as an asset or a liability.
Definite Lived Intangible Asset
Definite lived intangible asset consists of a granted patent. Amortization is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the asset. The estimated useful life of the granted patent is 20 years and the patent was available for use starting January 2023.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of the Company’s other receivable, accounts payable and other current liabilities approximate their carrying amounts due to the relative short maturities of these items.
The Company issued warrants having a strike price denominated in U.S. dollars, which creates an obligation to issue shares for a price that is not denominated in the Company’s functional currency, Canadian dollars, and renders the warrants not indexed to the Company’s stock. The Series A warrants, representative warrants issued as part of the IPO, and convertible debt warrants are thus classified as derivative liabilities and are measured at fair value.
The convertible debentures also have a conversion feature whereby the debt holders can convert their outstanding debentures into common shares of the Company. The conversion price has a strike price denominated in U.S. dollars and accordingly, the conversion feature is classified as a derivative liability and measured at fair value.
The fair value of the Company’s warrants are determined in accordance with FASB ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement,” which establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the assumptions (inputs) to valuation techniques used to price assets or liabilities that are measured at fair value. The hierarchy, as defined below, gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. The guidance for fair value measurements requires that assets and liabilities measured at fair value be classified and disclosed in one of the following categories:
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef